TEKADAM DEVRİMİ - ATATÜRK - ENGLISH PAGE

 

...... OUR WAY IS LOVE, OUR WAY IS LIBERTY, OUR WAY IS PEACE ......
... WE RUN TO PEACE, WE RUN TO FRIENDSHIP, WE RUN TO TOMORROWS ...

 

ATATÜRK'S LIFE

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881- 1938)

Mustafa Kemal, founder of the Turkish  Republic, was born in Saloniki on the 19th  May 1881 of humble background. His father  started out as a customs officer, later  becoming a timber merchant. Following his  sudden death he left behind a family having  to  fend for itself.

 

ATATÜRK'S LAST WILL

Every year, half of the remaining interest shall be transferred to the Councils for the Turkish Language and for Turkish History

 

QUOTES FROM ATATÜRK

  • "PEACE AT HOME, PEACE IN THE WORLD."

     

  • "TO KNOW ME WOULD NOT MEAN TO SEE ME PERSONALLY, IT IS SUFFICIENT TO UNDERSTAND MY FEELINGS AND MY IDEAS."

     

  • "FUTURE IS IN THE SKY."

     

  • "LIBERTY AND INDEPENDENCE ARE MY CHARACTER."
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    QUOTES ON ATATÜRK


    " I learned about Mustafa Kemal Atatürk from someone who knows him very well. As I was speaking to the Foreign Affairs Minister of the Soviet Union, Litvinov, he told me that the most valuable and interesting leader in the world does not live in Europe but beyond the Straits in Ankara and that he was the President of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. " Franklin D. Roosevelt

     

    A MESSAGE FOR WORLD PEACE


    "THOSE HEROES THAT SHED THEIR BLOOD AND LOST THEIR LIVES... YOU ARE NOW LYING IN THE SOIL OF A FRIENDLY COUNTRY. THEREFORE REST IN PEACE. THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE JOHNNIES AND THE MEHMETS TO US WHERE THEY LIE SIDE BY SIDE HERE IN THIS COUNTRY OF OURS...

     

    ATATÜRK REFORMS

      1. Political Reforms

       

    • Abolishment of the office of the Sultan (November 1922)
    • Proclamation of the Republic (29 October 1923)
    • Abolishment of the caliph (3 March 1924)

     

    A CHRONOLOGY OF THE EVENTS IN ATATÜRK'S LIFE

    • 1881 - Mustafa born in Salonika.

       

    • 1893 - Mustafa enters the Military Preparatory School in Salonika and is given the second "Kemal" by this teacher.

       

    • 1895 - Mustafa Kemal enters the Military High School in Manstir.

       

    • 1899 - Mustafa Kemal enters the infantry class of the Military Academy in Istanbul.

     

    FOREIGN POLICY

    The young Turkish State had won a great victory in the War of Independence, but the heart of its foreign policy was in the now-famous phrase, "Peace at home, peace in the world." Atatürk had this to say on the subject: "War should be a necessity. My true opinion is this ; in leading my people into war 1 should feel no pangs of conscience. We should only go to war to preserve our lives against those who would take them. Unless the life of the nation is at stake, war is homicide."

     

    THE TURKISH FLAG

    The fundamentals of the Turkish Flag were laid down by Turkish Flag Law No. 2994 of May 29, 1936. Turkish Flag Regulation No. 2/7175 dated July 28, 1937, and Supplementary Regulation No. 11604/2 dated July 29, 1939, were enacted to describe how the flag law would be implemented. The Turkish Flag Law No. 2893 dated September 22, 1983, and Published in the Official Gazette on September 24, 1983, was promulgated six months after its publication. According to Article 9 of Law No. 2893, a statute including the fundamentals of the implementation was also published.

     

    PRESIDENTIAL INSIGNIA

    Article 28 -The Presidential insignia is based on the measurements as set forth in (Supplement: 4).The Sun and stars on the upper left corner are yellow in colour. The insignia is hoisted and remains hoisted day and night at a flagpole at the President's residence and at the location of a Presidential visit during the period of such visit. The insignia is also placed behind the left of the desk in the President's office and on a steel-polished rod, bearing a top with a crescent and star, located at the left front side of the Presidential vehicle.

     

    ATATÜRK'S MESSAGE TO THE TURKISH YOUTH

    Turkish Youth,

    Your primary duty is forever to protect and defend the Turkish independence and the Turkish Republic. This is the very foundation of your existence and your future. This foundation is your most precious treasure.

     

    SPEECH DELIVERED BY ATATÜRK ON THE OCCASION OF THE TENTH ANNİVERSARY OF THE TURKISH REPUBLIC

    The Turkish Nation

    We have performed very big works in a short period of time. The biggest of such works is the Republic of Turkey based on the heroism and Turkish Culture. We owe the success to determinative cooperation between the Turkish nation and its esteemed Army. We can never consider those works sufficient. Because we have to perform bigger works. We shall rise our national culture above the level of contemporary civilization.

     

    INSCRIPTION OF THE ATATÜRK'S LAST MESSAGE TO THE TURKISH ARMIES

    I address the Turkish Army whose record of victory started at the down of the history of mankind and which has carried the light of civilization in its victorious progress.

     

    ATATÜRK'S UNDERSTANDING AND PRACTICE OF SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE

    For Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, "sovereignty of the people" had two meanings.

    First of all, it meant "unconditional independence".

    Second, it meant, deposition of the Sultan-Caliph and formation of a Republic (a nation-state), instead of a medieval agricultural Empire based on the power of land ownership, tradition and religion.

    Unconditional national independence meant of course, independent of Western powers which had colonized the Empire and occupied it as a last step, after the War.

    Formation of a Republic meant to establish a nation-state without its economic, social, cultural and political roots.

    Thus, as fighting the War of Liberation against the enemy, he was also forming the structure of the new state, namely "The Republic" (Kongar, 1998a, 231-273).